Suface Water Systems
ClearValue provides a complete water purification solution. ClearValue water purification systems comprise complete chemical and filtration solutions that produce the purest of water at significantly reduced cost. ClearValue water purification systems are further a complete approach to removal of Total Organic Carbon (TOC) and therefore disinfection by-products (DBPs).
ClearValue leading coagulation systems produce filtered water at less than 0.1 Nephelometric Unit (NTU) and 5 Color Units by producing clarified water at less than 1.0 NTU and 15 Color Units (0.1 NTU and 3 Color Unit water is then obtained in filtration). In addition to water quality, this chemistry provides an elimination of pre-treatment cost and associated contamination, reduction or elimination of pH adjustment cost, improved filter life, elimination of ammonia disinfection, reduced chlorine disinfection and a minimum 60 percent sludge volume reduction.
A most dangerous threat to human health in potable water is neurotoxins, which can be lead, arsenic, mercury and aluminum. While most heavy metals to be removed arrive within the raw water itself, aluminum is often placed in the water during traditional coagulation; this is especially so during clarification of low alkalinity waters. Alum, aluminum sulfate, is often used as a coagulant to remove contaminants from the water. However, Alum, invented by the Egyptians over 3,000 years ago, dissolves aluminum in the water, especially in low alkalinity waters. Soluble aluminum is a known neurotoxin and cause of neurological disorders; such as: Alzheimer’s and Parkinson’s disease; ADD; Dementia; and Depression.
ClearValue's leading polymer coagulants leave no aluminum in the water.
TOC and its removal are relatively new concepts for the drinking water industry. First and foremost, TOC molecules are precursors to DBP(s), e.g. toxins, carcinogens and teratogens. This is only common sense, as cells consume TOC as food (that is how our bodies work) and disinfectants are used to kill microorganisms (viruses and bacteria) to protect our bodies therefrom. It is only common sense,
then, that DBP(s), a combination of TOC and a disinfectant, would be harmful. The combination pathway, nucleophilic substitution, has been well known in organic chemistry since the 1940’s and can be referenced in any organic chemistry text or handbook.
Toxins, carcinogens and teratogens, are actually created in drinking water during water purification. Natural organic matter (NOM) enters water from the watershed, measured as total organic content (TOC). Man made toxins may also enter the water and are also measured as TOC. The problem with TOC is that TOC reacts with the disinfectant, a well known reaction, nucleophillic substitution. The disinfectants, chlorine, ozone and chlorine dioxide chemically attach to TOC, thereby creating a molecule that is toxic, carcinogenic or teratogenic. Again, from a common sense perspective, disinfectants are used to kill, kill bacteria. So it is no surprise that attachment of a disinfectant to a food source (TOC) creates toxins, carcinogens and teratogens.
To reduce DBPs, many water production facilities have invested in ozone (O3) production plants for on-site O3 production and water disinfection. However, O3 is an expensive chemical having its own set of DBP(s), namely glycols, organic acids, aldehydes and ketones; none of which are regulated and mot of which are at least one of toxic, carcinogenic and teratogenic. Further, most of these O3 disinfection systems operate with a poorly performing filter that allows harmful biological cultures to grow on the filter media.
Still yet, nearly all facilities, including O3 facilities, are converting to chloramine (ClNH2) disinfection in distribution piping. ClNH2 creates carcinogenic nitrosamines, which are not regulated. In conclusion, all that is accomplished with ClNH2, O3 and other creative disinfection treatments is to bypass regulations, while creating carcinogenic, teratogenic and toxic DBP(s), none of which are regulated or monitored.
ClearValue’s proprietary Enhanced Biological Filtration (EBF) technology has demonstrated TOC removal performance to 1 mg/L, as well as NTU reduction (pathogen removal) due to the process of natural selection. EBF is accomplished utilizing known non-pathogenic, beneficial, cultures raised in a fermentation device to be certain of colonies placed on the biological filter. EBF is managed by the measurement of TOC downstream of filtration and controlled by the addition of the beneficial cultures to the enhanced biological filter. In EBF, literally, beneficial cultures eat TOC and NTU from the water for a much purer water, just like nature. Turbidity removal and disinfection are performed with the drinking water regulations as operating protocol.
ClearValue's EBF is Nature’s method of water purification with a beneficial improvement!
In summary, ClearValue surface water purification systems produce the purest of waters, as demonstrated in final filtered water NTU, TOC and DBPs. These pure waters are accomplished without adding aluminum (neurotoxin) or DBPs (toxic, carcinogenic and/or teratogenic) to the water. All is performed at a reduction in water purification cost.
Merman - Point-of-Entry (POE) Systems
The earth is 2/3 water; our bodies are 2/3 water. Pure drinking water is critical to human health and important for a long healthy life.
Current systems are based upon carbon filtration, reverse osmosis or ion exchange, none of which control drinking water purity. Carbon filters leave heavy metals in the water, including aluminum, while removing the disinfectant, thereby creating a potential for bacterial or viral contamination downstream. Ion exchange systems do little to purify the water, yet place sodium in the water during removal of calcium and magnesium. Our bodies do not need sodium, yet our bodies need calcium and magnesium; further, it is the calcium and magnesium which provide the “taste” we all enjoy. Reverse osmosis removes the disinfectant and all nutrients from the water, thereby creating a water void nutrients and which literally “sucks” nutrients from our bodies, leaving us in our urine.
Given this non-responsible health scenario, it is no wonder that people buy bottled water at a cost that is 1000 times that of tap. To solve and meet a significant need, ClearValue invented the Merman Potable Water Purification System. Merman is a Point of Entry (POE) device which removes from potable water: microbiological contaminants, toxins, carcinogens, teratogens, metals and neurotoxins; all while, controlling hardness deposits and disinfectant concentration. Merman also controls iron and manganese that can stain porcelain fixtures.
Water Chemical Manufacturing
Aluminum Chlorohydrate (ACH), Disinfectants (D) and Caustic are the manufactured products of ClearValue’s innovative ACH/D manufacturing technology. ACH and D are used extensively in water purification, a most important businesses to humanity.
Water is in nearly every aspect of the human existence. In the U.S., municipal drinking water use is near 125 and 400 gallons per day (GPD)-person and household, respectively; wastewater treatment is approximately 150 GPD-person and 500 GPD-household. Nationally, this translates to nearly 40 billion GPD of drinking water and 50 billion GPD of wastewater. Industrial water usage is near 50 billion GPD and power generation 100 billion GPD. Water is used in nearly every industry, building and manufacturing plant, as well as household.
D are needed for every drop of water. Prior to use, a D is required to disinfect water of microbiological contaminants. The D industry is over a $1B industry in the US and $4B WW. Traditionally, D are manufactured by electrolysis of salt water, e.g. sodium chloride (NaCl) solution. While the cost and availability of NaCl is near $80 per ton ($0.040 per pound), the cost of a gallon of bleach is near $0.60 due to the cost of electrical energy. Electrolysis is used to manufacture chlorine (Cl2), hydrochloric acid (HCl), bleach (5-12% sodium hyprochlorite, NaOCl) solution and 25-50% caustic (sodium hydroxide, NaOH) solution. The market price for Cl2 is near $0.30 per pound, 33% HCl $0.11 per pound, 12% NaOCl $0.60 per gallon and 50% NaOH $0.25 per pound. ClearValue’s innovative ACH/D manufacturing technology reduces manufactured cost of these products to near $0.020 per pound for HCl, $0.040 per gallon for 12% NaOCl and $0.020 per pound for NaOH. Further, Cl2 is a well recognized safety issue; while, NaOCl and HCl can replace in all water purification applications.
All surface waters require a coagulant. ACH is used as a coagulant in the water industry. Coagulants are used to gather contaminant particles for separation. Prior to ACH, the coagulant of choice was Alum, aluminum sulfate. However, Alum places soluble aluminum in the water. In drinking water, aluminum is a neurotoxin known to cause neurological disorders such as Alzheimer’s, Depression, Dementia, Parkinson’s, etc. The aluminum in Alum is soluble; while, the aluminum in ACH is not soluble. Currently, ACH is a $250M industry in the US and $1B WW; while, the Alum industry is still near a $200M industry in the US and nearly $500M WW. The current market price for 50% ACH is near $0.32 per pound; while, ClearValue’s ACH/D manufacturing technology reduces the manufactured cost of 50% ACH to near $0.090 per pound. This is while ClearValue’s outperforming polymer coagulants are based upon ACH.
ClearValue’s ACH/D manufacturing technology is an innovative and proprietary combination of D and ACH manufacture. ClearValue does add high shear agitation for ACH manufacture, thereby improving product quality and eliminating waste by-product formation. Also, ClearValue does provide a new HCl reactor design, producing HCl directly from sodium salt (NaCl) and sulfuric acid (H2SO4). H2SO4 and NaCl produce HCl and sodium sulfate (Na2SO4), which is further reacted with lime to produce HCl, bleach and pure gypsum, CaSO4. (The construction industry is in need of pure gypsum, having recently encountered significant contamination issues from mined gypsum.) HCl is reacted with alumina (Al2O3/Al(OH)3) to produce 50%ACH. Na2SO4, as a by-product, has a market price of near $0.050 per pound, while pure gypsum has a market price of near $0.015 per pound. In summary, ACH/D utilizes inexpensive H2SO4, NaCl, alumina and lime to produce 33% HCl, 12% NaOCl, 50% NaOH and 50%ACH, having as by-products Na2SO4 and CaSO4, which are significant markets.